Employment is a fundamental determinant of good health.[i] Employment is the primary source of income for a secured livelihood and is necessary for material needs such as food, clothing, shelter, and leisure. Conversely, unemployment has been consistently linked to poor health, and has been associated with higher mortality rates, especially from heart disease and suicide.
Labor force participation rates in the CMTL boundary and citywide did not change significantly between the two American Community Survey sample periods. Citywide there was a 1% decrease in the employment rate, while employment rate in the CMTL did not significantly change. Employment rates in the CMTL are 1-3 percentage points lower than the city overall; however, labor force participation rates are markedly lower in the CMTL area – about 14 percentage points lower.
Labor force and employment data are from the American Community Survey – 5 Year Estimates, 2005-2009 & 2010-2014.
* Labor force participation and employment rates are calculated for individuals 16 years and older.
* The rate of labor force participation provides insight into the percent of working aged individuals (16 years and older) that are employed or are actively seeking work. Low labor force participation may indicate that there are many individuals that there are either in school, on disability, retired, or have simply stopped looking for work.
* Employment rates are calculated for individuals that remain in the labor force.
[i] Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. “How Does Employment, or Unemployment, Affect Health?” Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, March 12, 2013.